Princeton Audubon Fine Art Prints

The world's only direct camera Audubon prints!

Audubon's Birds of America & Quadrupeds.

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World-class Audubon Fine Art!

Over 60 full-size prints to choose from!

What is a double elephant?

What's a Double Elephant? 


"It is now a month since my work was begun by Mr. Lizars; the paper is of unusual size, called 'double elephant', and the plates are to be finished in such superb style as to eclipse all of the same kind in existence." - J.J. Audubon, December 10, 1826

And 'eclipse all' he did! No other ornithology prints could measure up to Audubon's - literally!  As indicated above, the term 'double elephant' refers to the unusual (double) size of the paper used by Audubon and his engravers (Havell followed Lizars) for the original "Birds of America." The untrimmed paper measured a gargantuan 29 1/2 x 39 1/2 inches! Officially, the proper English measurement for double elephant paper is 40 x 27 inches - untrimmed. Elephant paper is a bit smaller, measuring 28 x 23 inches untrimmed. By contrast, the size of paper Audubon used for his original Quadrupeds was a smaller 22" x 28", and termed 'Imperial' paper, which measures 30 x 22 inches untrimmed.

Why such a large (double) size? Audubon insisted that each bird be depicted life-size. When you consider the immense proportions of subjects such as the Brown Pelican or of the White Pelican or the American Flamingo, the necessity of choosing 'double elephant' paper becomes obvious.

But to this, Audubon himself adds ...

"Merely to say, that each of my illustrations is of the size of nature, were too vague ... Not only is every object, as a whole, of the natural size, but also every portion of each object. The compass aided me in its delineation, regulated and corrected each part, ... The bill, the feet, the legs, the claws, the very feathers as they project one beyond another, have been accurately measured." John James Audubon. Ornithological Biography, Volume 1

Pinnated Grous detail of wing. One of the only images which Audubon composed without the help of his assistants. 

Regarding our Princeton Audubon Collection, it would also be too vague to simply say that they are facsimiles. Our purchase of the finest originals, the use of the direct-camera process, the choice and development of special inks, the finest paper available, and the skill of master printers, makes this the finest Audubon series ever produced. It 'eclipses' all others. After all, these were printed by not only a master printer, but by one of the world's foremost Audubon print collectors. It only stands to reason that the Princeton Audubon Collection is also unique. We hope you will agree.

View the Princeton Audubon Double Elephant Edition